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Born to a peasant family in the Siberian village of Pokrovskoye in the Tobolsk governorate now Tyumen OblastRasputin had a religious conversion experience after taking a pilgrimage to a monastery in He has been described as a monk or as a "strannik" wanderer, or pilgrimthough he held no official position in the Russian Orthodox Church.
After traveling to St. Petersburg, either in or the winter of —05, Rasputin captivated some church and social leaders. He became a society figure, and met the Tsar in November In lateRasputin began acting as a healer for Alexeithe Tsar and his wife Alexandra 's only son, who suffered from hemophilia. At court, he was a divisive figure, seen by some Russians as a mystic, visionary, and prophet, and by others as a religious charlatan. As Russian defeats in the war mounted, however, both Rasputin and Alexandra became increasingly unpopular.
Historians often suggest that Rasputin's terrible reputation helped discredit the tsarist government, and thus helped precipitate the overthrow of the Romanov dynastywhich happened a few weeks after he was assassinated.
Accounts of his life and influence were often based on hearsay and rumor. Gregory of Nyssawhose feast was celebrated on 10 January. There are few records of Rasputin's parents. His father, Yefim  was a peasant farmer and church elder who had been born Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza Pokrovskoye inand married Rasputin's mother, Anna Parshukova, in Yefim also worked as a government courier, ferrying people and goods between Tobolsk and Tyumen   The couple had seven other children, all of whom died in infancy and Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza childhood; there Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza have been a ninth child, Feodosiya.
According to historian Joseph T. Fuhrmann, Rasputin was certainly close to Feodosiya and was godfather to her Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza, but "the records that have Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza do not permit us to say more than that". According to historian Douglas SmithRasputin's youth and early adulthood are "a black hole about which we know almost nothing", though the lack Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza reliable sources and information did not stop others from fabricating stories about his parents and his youth after Rasputin's rise to fame.
After a courtship of several months, they married in February Praskovya remained in Pokrovskoye throughout Rasputin's later travels and rise to prominence, and remained devoted to him until his death.
The couple had seven children, though only three survived to adulthood: Dmitry b. InRasputin developed a renewed interest in religion and left Pokrovskoye to go on a pilgrimage. His reasons for doing so are Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza according to some sources, Rasputin left the village to escape punishment for his role in a horse theft.
Simeon of Verkhoturye — while still others suggest that Rasputin's pilgrimage was inspired by his interactions with a young theological student, Melity Zaborovsky. According to Douglas Smith, his Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza "could only have been occasioned by some sort of emotional or spiritual crisis". Rasputin had undertaken earlier, shorter pilgrimages to the Holy Znamensky Monastery at Abalak and to Tobolsk's cathedral, but his visit to the St.
Nicholas Monastery at Verkhoturye in was transformative. Rasputin may have spent several months at Verkhoturye, and it was perhaps here that he learned to read and write, but he later complained about the monastery itself, claiming that some of the monks engaged in homosexuality and criticizing monastic life as too coercive. He became a vegetarian, swore off alcohol, and prayed and sang much more fervently than he had in the past.
Rasputin would spend the years that followed living as a Strannik a holy wanderer, or pilgrimleaving Pokrovskoye for months or even years at a time to wander the country and visit a variety of holy sites. By the early s, Rasputin had developed a small circle of acolytesprimarily family members and other local peasants, who prayed with him on Sundays and other holy days when he was in Pokrovskoye.
Building a makeshift chapel in Efim's root cellar — Rasputin was still living within his father's household at the time — the group held secret prayer meetings there. These meetings were the subject of some suspicion and hostility from the village priest and other villagers.
It was Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza that female followers were ceremonially washing him before each meeting, that the group sang strange songs that the villagers had not heard before, and even that Rasputin had joined the Khlystya religious sect whose ecstatic rituals were rumored to include self- flagellation and sexual orgies.
Word of Rasputin's activity and charisma began to spread in Siberia during the early s. Petersburg, either in or in the winter of — Upon meeting Sergei at the Nevsky Monastery, Rasputin was introduced to a number of different church leaders, including Archimandrite Feofanwho was the inspector of the theological seminary, was well-connected in St. Petersburg society, and later served as confessor to the Tsar and his wife.
According to Joseph T. Fuhrmann, Rasputin stayed in St. Petersburg for only a few months on his first visit and returned to Prokovskoye in the fall of Petersburg or returned to Prokovskoye at some point between his first Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza there and Rasputin first met the Tsar on 1 Novemberat the Peterhof Palace.
The tsar recorded the event in his diary, writing that he and Alexandra had "made the acquaintance of a man of God — Grigory, from Tobolsk province". Petersburg until July He met with Nicholas and Alexandra on 18 July and again in October, when he first met their children.
Much of Rasputin's influence with the royal family stemmed from the belief by Alexandra and others that he had eased the pain and stopped the bleeding of the Tsarevich — who suffered from hemophilia — on several occasions. According to historian Marc Ferrothe Tsarina had a "passionate attachment" to Rasputin as a result of her belief that he could heal her son's affliction.
Rasputin had been rumored to be capable of faith-healing since his arrival in St. Petersburg,  and the Tsarina's friend Anna Vyrubova became convinced that Rasputin had miraculous powers shortly thereafter.
Vyrubova would become one of Rasputin's most influential advocates. It is unclear when Rasputin first learned of Alexei's hemophilia, or when he first acted as a healer for Alexei. He may have been aware of Alexei's condition as early as October and was summoned by Alexandra to pray for Alexei when he had an internal hemorrhage in the spring of Alexei recovered the next morning.
During the summer ofAlexei developed a hemorrhage in his thigh and groin after a jolting carriage ride near the royal hunting grounds at Spalawhich caused a large hematoma. Do not grieve. The Little One will not die. Do not allow the doctors to bother him too much. Alexei's bleeding stopped the following day. Historian Robert K. Massie has called Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza recovery "one of the most mysterious episodes of the whole Rasputin legend".
Some writers and historians, such as Ferro, have claimed that Rasputin stopped Alexei's bleeding on other occasions through hypnosis. Nicholas granted Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza request and the name change was speedily processed, suggesting that the Tsar viewed — and treated — Rasputin Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza at that time. He soon became a controversial figure; he was accused by his enemies of religious Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza and rape, was suspected of exerting undue political influence over the tsar, and was even rumored to be having an affair with the Tsarina.
Even before Rasputin's arrival in St. Petersburg inalternative religious movements such as spiritualism and theosophy had become increasingly popular among the city's aristocracy, and many of them were intensely curious about the occult and the supernatural more generally.
He did not fit in with the royal family, and he and the Russian Orthodox Church had a very strained relationship.
The Holy Synod frequently attacked Rasputin, accusing him of a variety of immoral or evil practices. Because Rasputin was a court official, though, he and his apartment were under hour surveillance, and, accordingly, there exists some credible evidence about his lifestyle in the form of the famous "staircase notes" Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza reports from police spieswhich were not given only to the Tsar but also published in newspapers.
According to Rasputin's daughter, Maria, Rasputin did "look Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza the Khlysty sect, but rejected it. Like many spiritually minded Russians, Rasputin spoke of salvation as depending less on the clergy and the church than on seeking the spirit of God within. He also maintained that sin and repentance were interdependent and necessary to salvation.
Thus, he claimed that yielding to temptation and, for him personally, this meant sex and alcoholeven for the purposes of humiliation so as to dispel the sin of vanitywas needed to proceed to repentance and salvation. During the years of World War IRasputin's increasing drunkenness, sexual promiscuity and willingness to accept bribes in return for helping petitioners who flocked to his apartmentas well as his efforts to have his critics Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza from their posts, made him appear increasingly cynical.
Attaining divine grace through sin seems to have been one of the central secret doctrines which Rasputin preached to and practiced with his inner circle of society ladies. During World War I, Rasputin became the focus of accusations of unpatriotic influence at court. The unpopular Tsarina, meanwhile, who was of Anglo - German descent, was Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza of acting as a spy in German employ.
Rasputin then claimed that he had a revelation that the Russian armies would not be successful until the Tsar personally took command. With this, the ill-prepared Tsar Nicholas proceeded to take personal command of the Russian army, with dire consequences for himself as well as for Russia. To advance his power further in the highest circles of Russian society, Rasputin cohabited with upper-class women in exchange for granting political favors. World War I, the ossifying effects of feudalismand a meddling government bureaucracy all contributed to Russia's declining economy at a very rapid rate.
Many at the time laid the blame with Alexandra and with Rasputin, because of his influence over her. Here is an example:. Vladimir Purishkevich was an outspoken member of the Duma. On 19 NovemberPurishkevich made a Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza speech in the Duma, in which he stated, "The tsar's ministers who have been turned into marionettesmarionettes whose threads have been taken firmly in hand by Rasputin and the Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna — the evil genius of Russia and the Tsarina Rasputin's influence over the royal family was used against him and the Romanovs by politicians and journalists who wanted to weaken the integrity of the dynastyforce the Tsar to give up his absolute political power and separate the Russian Orthodox Church from the state.
Rasputin unintentionally contributed to their propaganda by having public disputes with clergy members, bragging about his ability to influence both the Tsar and Tsarina, and also by his dissolute and very public lifestyle. Nobles in influential Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza around the Tsar, as well as Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza parties of the Duma, clamored for Rasputin's removal from the court.
Perhaps inadvertently, Rasputin had contributed to the diminishing respect the Tsar's subjects had for him. Guseva was a follower of Iliodora former priest who had supported Rasputin before denouncing his sexual escapades and self-aggrandizement in December When this effort failed, Iliodor was banished from St. Petersburg and was ultimately defrocked.
According to his daughter Maria, Rasputin was very much changed by the experience and began to drink alcohol. Having decided that Rasputin's influence over the Tsarina had made him a threat to the empire, a group of nobles led by Prince Felix Yusupovthe Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovichand the right-wing politician Vladimir Purishkevich concocted a plan to kill Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza in Decemberapparently by luring Rasputin to the Yusupovs' Moika Palace.
He died of three gunshot wounds, one of which was a Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza shot to his forehead. Beyond this, little is Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza about his death, and the circumstances of his death have been the subject of considerable speculation. According to historian Douglas Smith, "what really happened at the Yusupov home on 17 December will never be known". According to Yusupov, he invited Rasputin to his home shortly after midnight and ushered him into the basement.
Yusupov offered Rasputin tea and cakes which Rasputin significa per prezzo potenza been laced with cyanide. At first, Rasputin refused the cakes, but then began to eat them.