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It descends from dogs originating in the Central Mediterranean Area. The breed name and origins are generally understood to derive from the Mediterranean island nation of Malta. This breed has been known by a variety of names throughout the centuries.
East Coast and spread in popular use. This breed has sometimes been incorrectly referred to as a " Bichon ", a name that refers to the family "small long-haired dog" and not the breed. The Kennel Club officially settled on the name "Maltese" for the breed in the 19th century. The Maltese is thought to have been descended from a Spitz -type dog, possibly the Volpino Italianofound among the Swiss Lake Dwellers and was selectively bred to attain its small size. There is also some evidence that the breed originated in Asia and is related to the Tibetan Terrier ; however, the exact origin is unknown.
Some writers believe these proto-Maltese were used for rodent control   before the appearance of the breed gained paramount importance. Archaeologists date this ancient Athenian product to the decades around BC.
Aristotle was the first to mention its name Melitaei Catelliwhen he compares the dog to a mustelidaround BC. During the first century, the Roman poet Martial wrote descriptive verses to a small white dog named Issa owned by his friend Publius.
Around the 17th and 18th centuries, some breeders decided to "improve" the breed, by making it smaller still. Linnaeus wrote in that these dogs were about the size of a squirrel.
In the early 19th century, there were as many as nine different breeds of Maltese dog. Parti-colour and solid colour dogs were accepted in the show ring from until Razza del cane Sex and the City England,  and as late as in VictoriaAustralia. Coloured Maltese could be obtained from the south of France. The Maltese had been recognized as a FCI breed under the patronage of Italy inat the annual meeting in InterlakenSwitzerland.
The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in its latest standard being from March 10, Characteristics include slightly rounded skulls, with a finger-wide dome, a black button nose and brown eyes.
They Razza del cane Sex and the City grow up to be about inches tall. The body is compact with the length equaling the height and the tail is almost always curled. The drop ears with sometimes long hair, and surrounded by darker skin pigmentation called a "halo"gives Maltese their expressive look. Lacking exposure to a Razza del cane Sex and the City of sunlight, their noses can fade and become pink or light brown in color.
This is often referred to as a "winter nose" and many times will become black again with increased exposure to the sun. The Maltese's paws are very sensitive to touch. The coat is long and silky and lacks an undercoat. Some Maltese can have curly hair especially behind their earsbut this is considered a fault. A pale ivory tinge is permitted on the ears. In some standards, a pure white coat with slight lemon markings is tolerated.
The Maltese does not shed, and is therefore a good choice for people with dog allergies. There are variations depending on which standard is being used. Viewed from the side, they give an impression of rapid movement, size considered.
In the stride, the forelegs reach straight and free from the shoulders, with elbows close. Hind legs to move in a straight line. Cowhocks or any suggestion of hind Razza del cane Sex and the City toeing in or out are faults. Maltese are bred to be companion dogs. They are extremely lively and playful, and even as a Maltese ages, its energy level and playful demeanor remain fairly constant.
Some Maltese may occasionally be snappish with smaller children and should be supervised when playing, although socializing them at a young age will reduce this habit. They also adore humans, and prefer to stay near them. For this reason, the breed also fares well in apartments and townhouses, and is a prized pet of urban dwellers.
An Australia-wide not including Tasmania research project carried out in conjunction with RSPCA found owners likely to dump their Maltese,  citing the tendency of Maltese to bark constantly. Maltese have no undercoat, and have little Razza del cane Sex and the City no shedding if cared for properly. Like their relatives, the Poodles and Bichon Friséthey are considered to be largely hypoallergenic and many people who are allergic to dogs may not be allergic to the Maltese.
Many owners find that a weekly bath is sufficient for keeping the coat clean, although it is recommended to not wash a dog so often, so washing every three weeks is sufficient, although if the dog keeps clean even longer than that. Regular grooming is also required to prevent the coats of non-shedding dogs from matting. Many owners will keep their Maltese clipped in a "puppy cut", a 1—2 in 2.
Some owners, especially those who show Maltese in the sport of conformationprefer to wrap the long fur to keep it from matting and breaking off, and then to show the dog with the hair unwrapped combed out to its full length. Some Maltese need to be blow-dried in order to prevent Razza del cane Sex and the City because drying is ineffective to some dogs.
Maltese dogs can exhibit signs of tear staining underneath the eyes. Dark staining in the hair around the eyes "tear staining" can be a problem in this breed, and is mostly a function of how much the individual dog's eyes water and the size of the tear ducts. In some dogs the staining is due to yeast in the diet.
Before giving drugs, try eliminating sources of yeast. To get rid of tear staining, a solution or powder can be specially made for tear stains, which can often be found in local pet stores. A fine-toothed metal pet comb, moistened with hot water and applied perhaps twice weekly, also works extremely well. The antibiotic Cephalexin has been shown to completely clear up "tear staining" in some cases.
Maltese are susceptible to " reverse sneezing ", which sounds like a honking, snorting or gagging sound and results often from over-excitement, play, allergies, or upon waking up. It is not life-threatening or dangerous—it will Razza del cane Sex and the City away after about a minute. They are ranked 59th out of 79 in Stanley Coren 's The Intelligence of Dogs which indexes obedience and the ability of a dog breed to follow commands, Razza del cane Sex and the City very Razza del cane Sex and the City focus on skills seen outside of working breeds, such as emotional intelligence.
Maltese tend to have many or several tooth problems usually resulting in cavities, without proper care the infected teeth may fall out as the dog gets older. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Maltese. FCI standard No. Archived PDF from the original on Animal Planet dog breed directory.
Archived from the original on Retrieved A history and description of the modern dogs of Great Britain and Ireland. Non-sporting division. London: H. Geographical and Historical Description of Ancient Greece. Razza del cane Sex and the City Press. Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 18 May The Maltese dog. Jon Vir kennels. Leitch International Institute of Veterinary Science.
Anna's Heavenly Maltese. The Classical World. XII 27 : — The Maltese Dog. Cambridge University Press. De animalibus historiae [ History of Animals ]. In Bibliopolio Hahniano. Read Books. Plinius Secundus. The Historie of the World. Book III. Translated by Philemon Holland. Bentley, relating to some Manuscript Notes on Callimachus".
The Classical Journal for September and December London: A. XII : Barron's Educational Services. The Henry G. Allen Company. In the company of animals: a study of human-animal relationships. The complete dog book.